An example of this was the connection machine cm 1 by thinking machines corporation that used either a vax minicomputer or a silicon graphics or sun workstation as the host computer the cm 1 was a finely grained simd computer with up to 64k of processing elements that appeared as a block of 64k of intelligent memory to the host system an application running on the host . In computing a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design a word is a fixed sized piece of data handled as a unit by the instruction set or the hardware of the processor the number of bits in a word the word size word width or word length is an important characteristic of any specific processor design or computer architecture. In 1947 booth traveled with her husband to be andrew to princeton university where the pair collaborated briefly with john von neumann learning of his new architecture for computer operating systems see the second timeline above under 1945 upon returning to university of londons birkbeck college in late 1947 they wrote and privately circulated a highly influential paper . The 360 was the first major computer line to use small scale integrated circuits ics thus providing a major price performance advantage over the second generation machines which were built up from individual transistors it was an immediate success and the idea of a family of compatible computers was soon adopted by all the other major manufacturers the descendants of these machines
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